|Image from Isfahan Bazar|
There are many Persian language lessons on the web, I went through most of them and although my understanding of this language is still rather limited due to vocabulary issues, I decided to share with you some things I discovered along the way. I repeat that I am not a professor of this language and I will only write things I know, which should be enough for beginners and for the intermediate.
First of all, the most difficult part for me have been the vowels. Sure, there are vowels in Persian, here they are:
- و - u, o, and which is actually the letter v. At the beginning of a word it is written after the 'a' (with the 'a' letter not pronounced), for example: او which means 'he/she/it' and is pronounced 'u' ;
- ا , آ - a, the first form (the one on the left) is used at the beginning of words and it is read 'a', the second form is used at the beginning of words while it can also be used in the middle. When at the beginning it is pronounced more like an 'e/i' or not pronounced at all. For example: امروز which means 'today' and is pronounced 'emruz'
- ی - i, this is the final form of the letter, unlike the first two letters presented here, 'i' can be linked with another letter to the left. For example دیروز which means 'yesterday' and is pronounced 'diruz' and آبی (notice the آ ) which means 'blue' and is pronounced 'abi'. In the first case, the letter 'i' is linked with the letter 'r' and in the second example the letter 'i' is presented in its final form.
Now comes the difficult part, Persian, like I said earlier, is an Indo-European language that uses a form of the Arabic alphabet and the result is that not all vowels are written in a word, but they are nonetheless pronounced.
|Tajrish bazar, Tehran|
تِ = t(e)
تُ = t(o)
We will now make a sentence, anxious?
او به بازار دیروز رفت
This translates as 'He to bazar yesterday went' or, adapted to English: He went to the bazar yesterday. [U beh bazar diruz raft]. Observe the structure: Subject - Object - Time - Verb. It is in Simple Past TenseI think it's time to stop now, let me know what you think about this first lesson in the comment box, it is, after all, my first.